A long time ago, when we were just launching UXPressia, we were pretty sure that having multiple personas on a single journey was an overkill. We believed one customer journey should have one and only persona. After all, it's called customer journey, not customers journey, right? Well, that was what we knew from our experience and from what we actually had been contemplating in others' journey maps. At that time, it made perfect sense to us: if two personas have similar journeys, why bother and create more maps?
It didn’t occur to us that maybe, just maybe, there’s something wrong with those personas. Now, each persona should represent different behavioral patterns. If it doesn’t, chances are you are focusing too much on demographics, which is a no-no. Well, that was what we believed. And we were wrong.
Later, once UXPressia had become a thing, we started receiving more and more requests to allow users to have more than one persona linked to a Customer Journey Map (CJM).
We had never seen any good examples of a multiple-personas map and we were really itching to hear about at least one use case. So we did what we should have - reached out to our community. Wish we'd done it earlier! It turned out such a fantastic source of inspiration, that we decided to let the world know.
So, after talking to our user community we identified two colliding cases when introducing additional personas on the same journey map is actually a great idea.
Case 1: comparing more or less similar journeys
The most typical case of using multiple personas on the same map pretty much reminds that romantic comedy with Mila Kunis where a couple breaks up saying that they may have similar directions, but they want different things.
In other words, when personas are going through the same journey, but they have different goals and needs at each (or almost each) stage. Thus their behavioral patterns are different.
So having a single journey map for multiple personas with common patterns and traits but with different goals, becomes crucial to designing good services.
Take a look at these two buyer e-commerce personas:
Now let’s see how separate experiences of two personas can be merged into one journey:
Case 2: Multiple personas interacting with one another
The other reason for having several personas on the same map is when their paths cross. Think about peer-to-peer ride-sharing, like Uber, for instance. You have drivers and you have passengers. At certain moments both meet, and what happens during those encounters might affect the entire journey.
So, let’s see how separate experiences of two personas can be merged into one journey:
As you see, things are getting interesting when personas meet in the same touch point. Their expectations, needs, and thoughts are different.
During the ride, Cynthia doesn’t show much willingness to talk. Well, Anthony has a different idea. He believes a small talk is exactly what will make the ride fun. Cynthia feels awkward because she's being short with the driver. Anthony feels awkward because the passenger doesn’t keep a conversation, and he's worried about receiving 3 stars.
The situation is uncomfortable and this awkwardness will definitely have an impact on business in case both journey participants will stay unsatisfied and disappointed (and they probably will).
So having multiple personas on a single map will let you look at where the journeys intersect. And then you might find out that something you considered a pain-point that existed in a vacuum, is actually the consequence of a bad interaction between two personas.
If you have more cases to add to the list - feel free to add them to the comment section!
Speaking of multiple personas on a single journey map... the team over at UXPressia is working on this feature as you're reading the article. And we would love to hear some awesome ideas on how we could make it better. So if you have an example of a map built for multiple personas and you can share it - please do. We are always looking for inspiration. 😉